May 24, 2019

Sane Guruji: Author, Teacher, Social Activist and Freedom Fighter from Maharashtra

Remembering Pandurang Sadashiv Sane (Dec 24, 1899 to June 11, 1950) Author, Teacher, Social Activist and Freedom Fighter from Maharashtra on his death Anniversary today.

His childhood was full of hardships.  With great difficult he did his M.A. Sane Guruji chose to teach in rural school instead of going in for higher salary elsewhere. Sane Guruji resigned from his school job to join the Indian Independence Movement when Gandhiji started the Dandi March in 1930. He was imprisoned by the Britishers in the Dhule Jail for more than fifteen months for his work in the Civil Disobedience Movement. In 1932, Acharya was in the same jail.

During the period of 1930 to 1947, Sane Guruji participated in different agitations and was arrested on eight occasions and was imprisoned in the jails at Dhule, Trichinapally, Dhule, Nasik, Dhule, Yeravada, Nasik and Jalgaon for a total duration of six years and seven months in different jails. He also observed fast on seven different occasions.

Sane Guruji was imprisoned second time in the Trichnapalli Jail, where he learned Tamil and Bengali. He translated the famous work Kurul by Thiruvalluvar into Marathi. He recognised the importance of learning Indian languages, particularly in the context of the problem of national integration; and started the Antar Bharati movement.

He participated in the 1942 Quit India Movement and was imprisoned for 15 months for it.

In response to Mahatma Gandhi’s promise to Babasaheb Ambedkar during Poona Pact that he will spend the rest of his life campaigning for the removal of un touchability, Sane took up the cause as well. To bring awareness on the issue of untouchability, Saneji travelled throughout Maharashtra for around four months in 1947. The culmination of this tour was his fast at Pandharpur to open the Vitthal Temple for untouchables. The fast lasted 11 days from 1 May to 11 May 1947, and the doors of the Vitthal temple were ultimately opened for the untouchables.

Guruji wrote around 135 books and about 73 books have been published and almost all these books are mainly children’s literature. His most well known work in Marathi literature include Syamaci Ai ( श्यामची आई; Shyam’s Mother), Śyāma (श्याम) which is translated in almost all the Indian languages as well as in Japanese and English, others include Bhāratiya Saṃskṛti ( भारतीय संस्कृति; Indian Culture) and Patri- the collection of various songs and poems.

One of his books “Teen Muley” is a heart warming story of three kids and is considered classic and one of the best books written in Marathi.

Credit: Wiki, You Tube


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