Today is Chitragupt Jayanti. Chirtraguptji is the son of Brahmaji. This is day is also knowhn as Dawat Pooja.
This is worshipped by Kayastha across India. This is celebrated on second day of Deepawali. Chitraguptji is book keeper and (good and bad) assists Lord Yamraj. He keeps record of Good and Evil done in life and decides on Heaven or Hell after death.
Kayastha are descendants of Lord Chitragupta. He has a feather and book in his hands. His twelve sons are Srivastava, Surajdwaj, Valmik, Asthana, Mathur, Gaud, Bhatnagar , Saxena, Ambasht, Nigam, Karna and Kulshreshth.
A time came when Yamrajji was not able to keep track of the dead and souls were sent to Heaven and Hell incorrectly. When Brahmaji questioned him, he expressed his inability to keep check on the massive work he had on his hands. Brahmaji went into meditation and upon opening his eyes he saw a man with Pen and Paper in front of him. Since Chitraguptaji he was conceived in mind of Branhmaji and in secrecy he was named Chitra Gupta – Chitragupt.
He is the only offspring born from Brahmaji body. Kayastha are fond of learning, teaching and spread literacy. These are traits of Chitraguptji. Pen and Inkpot is worshipped on this Day. Yama Samhita which tells us about Chitraguptji . Padma Purana, Bhavishya Purana, Garuda Purana also has details about Lord Chitragupt.
History of oldest Chitraguptji Temple
Mahapadma Nanda was the first King of Nanda Dynasty who ruled from 385 to 324 BC. He kept Patliputra as Capital of his Kingdom. During his time a temple of Chitragupt was built which is still there in Nauzar Ghat in modern day Patna. Under him Mudrarakshasha was incharge of Shulk (Tax). He played key role in making the temple. He continued to work under Maurya Dynasty because of his honesty.
This temple gained prominence under Raja Todarmal (Minster of Revenue and Treasury) who was one of the Nine Gems in Akbar reign. He installed a dark basalt statue of Lord Chitragupt in 1574. This statue was stolen in 1950. Thanks to the efforts of Chief Minister Shri Nitish Kumar, in 2013 it was recovered and brought back.
Masibhajan sanyuktacharsi twam mahitale – Lekhi katni hasta Chitragupta Namustute
Chitragupta namostubhyam lekhashardayakam – kayastha jatimasadaya Chitragupta Namustute.
May Lord Chitraguptji Bless all.
Picture Credit: www.adichitragupta.com sladeviper777.wordpress.com
Credit and Ref. URL: https://books.google.co.in/books?id=g4hvDQAAQBAJ&pg=PT20&lpg=PT20&dq=Mahapadmananda+and+chitragupt+temple&source=bl&ots=3PUt-VvSYx&sig=mYF72LljvhE0q5k7qcdlgm4Xoc8&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjtx_r00YDXAhVCL48KHTGeD8kQ6AEIXzAK#v=onepage&q=Mahapadmananda%20and%20chitragupt%20temple&f=false