April 23, 2019

Prospects other than “MBBS”

With limited seats and a plethora of competition, MBBS is no more the dream of every bio student. Having great career prospects and a promising future, this meticulous list of alternative career options is a must read. A compilation by Aditi Sharma and Shritika Bhardwaj.

If you are an Indian and a medical science student, there is one exam that you cannot ditch whether you are prepared for it or not, that is All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) that is currently known as National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET).Here, in India (in estimate) we have total 412 colleges and there are approximately 52,715 seats and out of which only 25,880 are government seats and plus (unfortunately) if you are in general category you get 27,017 seats and if you cannot afford a private seat which most of the middle-class people can’t, you only get 13,535 seats. And this year almost 11 lakhs student appeared for the exam so if you have given exam this year you might have only 1.2% odds of cracking this exam irrespective of how much hard work you did or didn’t do. As they say, it is one hell of an exam to crack and if you cracked it just pat yourself buddy; you absolutely did a fantastic job (doesn’t matter how many years you dropped).Once you have chosen medical as your stream in 12th that doesn’t mean you are left with only one choice of becoming a doctor. Although becoming a doctor is a great career option but you still have a variety to look at. And there is not only once sort of doctor there are numerous option still available as a doctor.Courses and Careers after 12th Science (Biology Group)

  • BDS

BDS stands for Bachelor of Dental Surgery. It is a 5 years long undergraduate course. It is a job oriented medical course. It is a popular undergraduate Dentistry course, which, on completion, leads to a BDS degree and title of a Doctor (Dr)!In India, it is the second most popular medical course, trailing MBBS. Skills taught in this course are- prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting teeth, mouth, jaws and other associated tissues. Surgery is also an integral part of this course.These days, students do there dentistry and pursue their post graduation degree from aboard and which increase their chances of getting a job back in India. Higher education in this field is the basis required for a person to get lucrative jobs with hospitals or other health care institutions.One may find work in Government hospitals/clinics or Community health centres. Private hospitals/clinics provide more job opportunities. One may also choose to start private practice.Companies manufacturing dental implants and material are also known to recruit BDS graduates. Some well known job profiles available in front of graduates are-

  1. Dentist
  2. Surgeon
  3. Dental health consultant
  4. Lecturer (Junior Lecturer)
  5. Dental Assistants
  6. Dental Hygienists
  7. Dental Lab Technicians
  8. Paediatric Dentist
  9. Community/Public Dental Health Specialist
  10. Cosmetic/Aesthetic Dentistry Specialist
  • B.V.Sc. & A.H.

If you are really very passionate about animals and love petting them, go for it. B.V.Sc. & A.H. stands for Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. Students hailing from 12th Science Biology group, who are interested in animals, their welfare and treatment, may choose this course. After graduation, students will get the title of Doctor.Basically, this course trains students to carry out medical treatment of animals and birds suffering from diseases. This course trains students to diagnose diseases in animals and birds, prescribe medicines and other surgical solutions etc.It is a 5 years long Undergraduate Degree program. After Graduation, one may join Government/Private veterinary hospital and start working as a Veterinary Doctor or Surgeon. Also, one may start own clinic and start practice. Graduates may work as research professionals in the field of Animal health and medicines. Also, one may work at places like- Poultry farms, Livestock farms, Zoos etc. One may also work in the Pharmacy sector that deals with veterinary medicines and vaccines.

  • BAMS

Well this course isn’t easy going as any other. Ayurveda mostly focuses on natural cures as well as lifestyle changes to cure ailments. Ayurveda is a branch of alternative medicine. The term ‘Ayurveda’ stands for Science of life!Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery is a five and a half years long course. The last one year is dedicated towards Internship.First of all, getting admission in a BAMS college is relatively easier, when compared to other medicine course like MBBS! BAMS, as a medical system, is approved in India and is recognized all over the World. It has gained much popularity in the recent times. Ayurveda treatment is well known for its lack of side effects. Not only in India, BAMS Doctors are in demand in Western Countries too!After completing the course, Graduates may either start practicing or may study further. They may pursue PG courses or may even go for research after graduation. This medical system is approved and accepted all over the world, giving it a global presence! Value of BAMS course sure has increased a lot!After BAMS, a number of job opportunities are available in front of Graduates! They may start up own clinic and start private practice. One may even join Private or Government Hospitals also. Research is also a sector where BAMS graduates may build a good career. After PG or research programs, they may take up a job in the research sector. Teaching profession is also a well paying job that graduates may look up to.

  • B.Sc.

Okay this one is still common one. You may go for a B.Sc. degree in an available discipline and follow it up by completing an M.Sc. degree! The job opportunities consists of fields like- teaching, research, Government Jobs, Private jobs etc.Duration of B.Sc. course is 3 years and that of M.Sc. is 2 years. Completing both these courses will consume 5 years.Research is a field that is less explored. There is much job scope in there. If you are meritorious and passionate, then you may land a research job in Government organization or Private firm easily!Some of the well known B Sc programs available in front of Biology Group students are-

  1. B.Sc. Biology
  2. B.Sc. Physics
  3. B.Sc. Chemistry
  4. B.Sc. Environmental Science
  5. B.Sc. Biotechnology
  6. B.Sc. Nursing
  7. B.Sc. Occupational Therapy
  8. B.Sc. Physiotherapy
  9. B.Sc. Radiology
  10. B.Sc. Bioinformatics
  11. B.Sc. Anthropology
  12. B.Sc. Microbiology
  13. B.Sc. Zoology
  14. B.Sc. Forensic Science
  15. B.Sc. Agriculture
  16. B.Sc. Pathology
  17. B.Sc. Speech Therapy
  18. B.F.Sc. (Fisheries Science)
  19. B.Sc. Genetics
  20. B.Sc. Health Science and Nutrition
  21. B.Sc. Audiology
  22. B.Sc. Botany
  • Bachelor of Occupational therapy

Bachelor of Occupational Therapy is a 4½ years long Undergraduate level medical course. Occupational Therapy deals with patients having physical, mental, emotional and neurological limitations. It aims at improving the life, condition and rehabilitation of such handicapped and limited people through different modes of treatments such as- exercises, functional training, aiding devices and equipment, ergonomic training and environmental restructuring & adaptation.Admissions in the course, usually takes place through State wise/Central Medical Admission authority. It is based on merit marks. Marks scored by a student in State/all India level entrance test (depending upon the type of institute you want admission in) and 12th Science board examination are taken into consideration. Based on these marks, a merit list is made.Many possibilities and job opportunities exist, when it comes to the field of Occupational Therapy. After graduation and getting practice license, one may start working at Government or Private hospitals/clinics/community health centres. Teaching jobs are also available in front of graduates. Rehabilitation clinics are also known to recruit BOT graduates. The ‘work abroad’ scope associated with this course is very promising!Job profiles available in front of BOT graduates are-

  1. Occupational Therapist
  2. Rehabilitation Specialist
  3. OT Consultant/Nurse
  4. Instructor/Teacher
  5. Social Worker
  • Physiotherapy

Bachelor of Physiotherapy is a 4½ years undergraduate Degree course. Physiotherapy is a part of rehabilitative medicine. It focuses on the use of physical therapy, massages, physical movements and exercise to improve and cure injuries, deformities and diseases.Unlike the traditional branches of medicine, physiotherapy doesn’t rely extensively on the use of drugs and medicine. Instead, it relies on the use of physical treatment to improve the situation. On completing the course, graduates will get the DPT (Doctor of Physiotherapy) Degree.In case of reputed institutes, the admission process follows the rule of ‘merit based admission’. Seats are allotted to eligible candidates on the basis of marks scored by students in the 12th Science board examination as well as entrance test (State/National/held by Institute).Job scope and opportunities are immense, when it comes to the field of physiotherapy. Physiotherapists are also recruited by Private clinics, Government hospitals, Private and Government Nursing homes, Community Health Centres, NGOs, Sports Teams and Franchises, Gyms, Fitness clinics etc. Here are some common job profiles available in front of BPT graduates-

  1. Physiotherapist
  2. Rehabilitation specialist
  3. Consultant
  4. Sports physiotherapist

After pursuing PG courses like Master of Physiotherapy and PhD, one may take on the following job posts too-Lecturer or Research professional

  • Pharmacy

Bachelor of Pharmacy is a 4 years long undergraduate course. After this degree, graduates may start practice as a Pharmacist in India as well as abroad! One of the main tasks of a pharmacist is to prescribe medications to patients.Since you are interested in the field of pharmacy, one such alternative course is D Pharm (Diploma in Pharmacy). It is a 2 years long course. D Pharm is the minimum qualification required in India for one to become eligible to practice as a Pharmacist. Thus, D Pharm qualification too could help you become a Pharmacist! Just to add, B Pharm course is more valuable than D Pharm. On completion of the Diploma course, one may secure admission directly to the second year of Bachelor’s program (Lateral entry)!Another (more valuable) course is Pharm D. It is a 6 years long integrated course (5 years academic program and 1 year internship). This course has much more content and value than the traditional B Pharm course!Ample amount of job opportunities are available in Government as well as private sectors for B Pharm graduates. One of the most common job that graduates take up is that of a pharmacist at Government hospitals, private hospitals/clinics or private medical shops. One may also start an own medical shop! Other than that, pharmaceutical companies are also prime recruiters of graduates.Job profiles available in front of graduates are-

  1. Pharmacist
  2. Medical representative
  3. Scientist (Research field)
  4. Teacher (Junior Lecturer)
  5. Quality Control Officer
  6. Clinical Research professional
  7. Drug Inspector
  8. Marketing professional

This is just a summary of a few courses available from a vast selection. Career prospects don’t cease here. Stay tuned for more such articles.

Published with permission from https://drishtikonofficial.wordpress.com/2017/06/30/prospects-other-than-mbbs/


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